Softening of the cartilage on the posterior aspect of the patella. Patello-femoral syndrome indicates pain between the femur and patella. The patella is designed to glide smoothly over the femur, however, poor alignment causes inflammation and pain, indicating chondromalacia patella. Chondromalacia patella is the most common source of chronic knee pain, causing pathological changes and possibly leading to deterioration of the articular surface of the patella. It is estimated to occur in less than 20% of people who present with anterior knee pain. Most commonly occurring in the 12-35 age group with a predominance in females.
- Dutton M. Orthopaedic Examination, Evaluation, and Intervention. 2nd ed: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.; 2008.
- Bakhtiary, A. H., & Fatemi, H. (2008). Open versus closed kinetic chain exercises for patellar chondromalacia. Journal of Sports Medicine, (42), 99-102.