Neurogenic claudication is most commonly caused by lumbar spinal stenosis (Rainville). Lumbar spinal stenosis occurs when the lumbar nerves are compressed due to narrowing of the spinal canal (Rainville). Narrowing can be central or lateral by the facet joints (Katz). Other causes of neurogenic claudication can be a neoplasm or abscess, disc protrusion, osteophyte formation, and ligamentous thickening (Goodman).
- Rainville J, Childs LA, Pena EB, et al. Quantification of walking ability in subjects with neurogenic claudication from lumbar spinal stenosis--a comparative study. Spine J. 2012;12(2):101-109. Epub 2011 Dec 29.
- Katz JN, Harris MB. Clinical practice. Lumbar spinal stenosis. N Engl J Med. 2008;358(8):818-825.
- Goodman CC, Snyder TEK. Differential diagnosis for physical therapists: screening for referral. 4th ed. St. Louis: Saunders Elsevier; 2007.